President Obama wants Congress to give him the power to consolidate agencies and create new departments – merging parts of agencies such as the FDA, Health and Human Services and Commerce Departments.
The Commerce Department, the Small Business Administration, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, the Export-Import Bank, the Overseas Investment Corporation and the U.S. Trade and Development agency would all be merged into one new department, under President Obama's 2016 budget proposal.
The budget also combines the Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service and the FDA's food-related inspection programs into one new agency with HHS. The different programs already have significant overlap, according to the budget.
"FDA and FSIS can each have jurisdiction over the same category of food at different points in the food chain: a cheese pizza and its ingredients are regulated solely by FDA, but both agencies play roles in regulating the components and manufacturing of a pepperoni pizza," according to the budget request.
Under the budget proposal President Obama would submit plans to consolidate and reorganize executive branch agencies to Congress for fast-track consideration as long as it reduces the size of government or cuts costs.
"The Administration will continue to work with the Congress and stakeholders to identify opportunities to make the Government more efficient and effective," according to the budget request.